Au Nanopillar Array Prepared by Selective Etching of Au-Sr3Al2O6 Vertically Aligned Nanocomposite Thin Films

Au nanostructures offer a wide range of applications such as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, photovoltaics, and biosensors. Effective integrating well-controlled Au nanostructures on chip via a self-assembly process remains challenging as most of the Au nanostructures were prepared by either chemical synthesis methods or lithography patterning techniques. This study introduces a simple two-step approach for fabricating Au nanostructures on substrate with well controlled morphology and density. First, epitaxial Au-Sr3Al2O6 (SAO) vertically aligned nanocomposites (VANs) were deposited on SrTiO3substrates. Second, by subsequently dissolving the water-soluble SAO matrix, various Au nanostructures ranging from 0D nanoparticles to 1D nanopillars are demonstrated. The Au morphology tuning is achieved by varying the deposition parameters of the VANs. This method eliminates the need of harsh chemical solutions and tedious lithography/patterning steps. These findings provide a novel strategy for tailoring the Au nanostructures and their optical properties while demonstrating on-chip integration for advanced optical device applications.

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Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer our Future (DMREF)