GOALI: Discovering Materials for CO2 Capture in the Presence of Water via Integrated Experiment, Modeling, and Theory
The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has risen rapidly over the past century, creating significant concerns about global warming and ocean acidification. Carbon capture and sequestration is widely viewed as an essential tool, along with other technologies such as wind and solar energy, for keeping atmospheric CO2 levels from rising further. This project focuses on developing new materials for selective adsorption of CO2 versus N2. A primary emphasis will be the effect of water on CO2/N2 selectivity and CO2 capacity. The main goal of the proposed work is to develop integrated simulation, theoretical, and experimental methods for understanding the effect of water on CO2/N2 separations in nanoporous materials and to use these tools to speed up the discovery of new materials for CO2 capture. The development of new materials and technologies that enable cost-effective carbon capture at high-volume point sources is viewed by the International Energy Agency as an essential component of a many-pronged approach to combatting climate change. The project will contribute to the education of graduate and undergraduate students in a highly interdisciplinary project. Web and video-based education and outreach activities will reach a wider audience.